100% Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development


Sustainable development can only be reached by transitioning to 100% Renewable Energy (RE). This paper describes the vital relationship between renewable energy (RE) and sustainable development. In particular, it demonstrates how supporting the transition to 100% RE is both a necessary condition and a driver for sustainable development that leaves no one behind.

In fact, 100% RE is more than just replacing fossil with renewable sources in today’s energy system. It can serve as a means for socioeconomic development and help create an equitable society for today’s and future generations.

Policy Roadmap for 100% Renewable Energy and Poverty Eradication in Tanzania

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In November 2016 at the UN COP22 in Marrakesh/ Morocco, 48 countries committed to strive to meet 100% domestic renewable energy production as rapidly as possible while working to end energy poverty, protect water and food security, taking into consideration national circumstances. These 48 countries are among the most vulnerable countries and are united as the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF). Tanzania is one of these countries.

This report suggests concrete political measures and outlines necessary governmental action to operationalize the target. It captures reflections, experiences and concrete recommendations articulated by Tanzanian stakeholders to scale up Renewable Energy (RE) while spurring sustainable development and eradicating poverty in the East African country.

Scenario: 100% RE for all in Tanzania

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By deploying 100% renewable energy, Tanzania can provide access to reliable energy for all its citizens, while increasing living standards to the level of industrialized countries by 2050. This is the conclusion of a scientific study that is released today in Dar Es Salaam by the Institute for Sustainable Futures (ISF) of the University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Climate Action Network Tanzania (CAN Tanzania), Bread for the World and the World Future Council (WFC).

The study also reveals that generating electricity from renewable sources is about 30% cheaper than from fossil resources.

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Enhancing Regional Renewables Cooperation in the EU

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In five days in September 2016, 13 policy-makers and -shapers from 8 countries travelled 1,500 kilometres from Denmark via Germany and the Netherlands to Belgium.

Their mission? Exploring what regional cooperation means in practice and
how it can boost renewable energy in Europe.

This report presents their key insights, presents the learnings from the visited projects and summarises the main policy recommendations for decisionmakers on local, national and European level.

Policy Recommendations for European policy makers:

A roadmap for 100% RE in Morocco



Morocco, COP22 host country, has since 2009 prioritised renewable energies and energy efficiency. Aware of the nature of the opportunities and stakes confronting its energy landscape, the nation has mobilised to share the message about the urgency and advisability of changing the pathway.

In order to address the complexity, challenges and opportunities of the energy challenge, the World Future Council organised a process of reflection for Moroccan actors playing a leading role in this transition: parliamentarians, political actors, academics and civil society. The round tables and conversations we organised between 2014 and 2016 are reflected in this report. We also highlight solutions for putting into place a coherent political framework which allows the materialisation of a 100% renewable energy Morocco.


100% renewable energy and poverty reduction in Tanzania



In September 2015 world leaders signed off on a new global 15-year plan to tackle poverty inequality and climate change. In doing so, they pledged to ensure all people have access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy. Only 3 months later, in December 2015, all nations committed to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius by phasing out harmful emissions. For this, national governments are invited to communicate by 2020 their mid-century, long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies. This essentially requires countries across the world to develop an adequate 100% Renewable Energy strategy. For developing countries with little access to energy services, this is an opportunity to leapfrog fossil fuels and use renewable energy as a tool for socio-economic development.

This is why in 2016, CAN-Tanzania, the World Future Council and Bread for the World have embarked on a 18-month project in Tanzania to develop a coherent strategy on how to implement 100% Renewable Energy (RE) as part of the country’s Sustainable Low Carbon Development (LCD) and Poverty Reduction Goals. This project builds on the previous experiences of the project partners for facilitating the deployment of renewable energy in Tanzania.

What Place for Renewables in the INDCs?



COP 21 In Paris most likely marks a turning point in international climate policy making: UNFCCC parties for the first time adopted a legally binding agreement that is universal and provides a mechanism that has the potential to build global mitigation efforts that help us to avert dangerous climate change. Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) are a crucial element of the Paris Agreement. They are the foundation on which the success of global mitigation efforts will be built. Scientific assessments concluded that current INDCs are an important contribution, but still fall short of reaching the long-term goal adopted with the Paris Agreement of “Holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels…” by the end of the century (UNFCCC 2015a: Article 2). The available assessments vary in their results – depending on the underlying models the assessments deployed (Levin and Fransen 2015).

Kassel International Dialogue on 100% Renewable Energy – Outcome Report



“The question is no longer whether the world will transition to renewable energy but rather how long the transition will take and how can the transition be carried out to maximize the benefits today and for future generations.”

With this good news, Harry Lehmann, General Director of the German Federal Environment Agency opened this year’s Kassel International Dialogue (KID) which was dedicated to developing a roadmap that guides local governments—e.g. cities and regions—in transitioning their jurisdictions to 100% renewable energy.

Are you in? 100% Renewables, Zero Poverty


In September 2015 world leaders signed off on a new global 15 year plan to tackle poverty inequality and climate change. In doing so, they pledged to ensure all people have access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy. Today 1.2 billion people (nearly 1 in 7) lack access to electricity. But communities are rolling out renewables in order to beat back poverty, as these technologies can provide sustainable energy access where coal, oil and gas have failed for the last century. Sustainable energy can improve health by reducing pollution, it can improve education, create jobs and kickstart industries in minor economies.

There is already a growing movement of leaders from villages, cities and businesses around the world who are not waiting for national governments to act, but are getting their own communities on track to a 100% renewable energy powered future – to deliver the just, equitable, healthy and prosperous world we need. This report features a range of these people whose stories highlight the development benefits derived from getting on track to go 100% renewable.

100% Renewable Energy: boosting Development in Morocco



In order to ensure the development of a more sustainable, environmentally responsible and overall more liveable planet, we need to radically transform our energy sector and pave our way towards a cleaner and more just future powered by 100% Renewable Energy. To achieve this transformation, policy makers play an important role. Providing policy makers and the various stakeholders with the opportunity to discuss the tools and best practises to achieve this transformation effectively is therefore crucial. With this in mind, the World Future Council sees its role in connecting the dots between legislators and experts willing to take action and to take leadership on this journey.

This report provides an analysis on the current situation of the energy sector of Morocco and derives policy recommendations for a just transition towards a 100% Renewable Energy.



How to achieve 100% Renewable Energy



The goal of fully transitioning the world’s total energy mix toward renewable energy sources is no longer a utopian ideal: it is being achieved in a number of places around the world today. Hundreds of jurisdictions across the globe have set 100 % renewable energy (RE) targets and are beginning the journey toward a fully fossil- and nuclear-free society. In the process, these pioneers have been incubators of regionally appropriate best practices and policies.

This policy handbook takes a closer look at these early pioneers to provide inspiration and concrete examples to other jurisdictions that are aiming to embark on the same transformation. It analyzes case studies to identify drivers, barriers as well as facilitating factors and, from these, it derives policy recommendations to finally enable their transfer to other jurisdictions around the world.