About the new report “A Healthy Planet for Healthy Children – Policies for a Future without Toxics”
Around six per cent of the world’s disease burden and eight per cent of deaths can be attributed to chemicals. Annually, more than 1.7 million premature deaths among children under the age of 5 are caused by pollution and toxic substances. Children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of hazardous chemicals due to their smaller size and hence greater relative exposure and because of their developing internal organs. However, toxic air and contaminated water and soil is not only an existential threat to human health in general, but also threatens planetary health, jeopardising the sustainability of modern societies. Achieving a toxic-free future hence is paramount.
With this new report “A Healthy Planet for Healthy Children”, the World Future Council (WFC) and the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) together aim to draw attention to the “silent pandemic” of disability and disease associated with exposure to hazardous chemicals and pollution during childhood, by providing key facts on how hazardous chemicals affect children’s health. Moreover, the report inspires with insights into award-winning policies that have been honoured with the Future Policy Award – the world’s only award for policy solutions that create better living conditions for current and future generations. The publication also highlights a set of useful policy recommendations, with which policy makers and key stakeholders can take effective action to advance the protection from hazardous chemicals and include a child rights perspective in their policy making.
Highly Hazardous Pesticides (HHP): There is an urgent need for action to phase out the use of toxic pesticides worldwide as they cause, amongst others, serious health problems that disproportionately affect children. This part of the report gives an overview of inspiring policies, which address this problem.
Toxic Metals: Particularly children are dangerously affected by the harmful exposure to toxic metals. The good news: there are already impactful policies, which address the issue, including, for instance, lead in paint – you can find out more about them on these pages.
Toxic Consumer Products: Toys and other products intended specifically for children are one category of a much larger set of consumer products that expose infants and children to toxic chemicals. These chemicals impact child health, development, and well-being, and some of them have severe effects on the hormone, reproductive, and immune systems, as well as on the liver and kidneys. Can we reduce the exposure to these hazardous chemicals in the products of everyday use? Yes, we can!
Environmentally Persistent Pharmaceutical Pollutants (EPPP): The increased use of pharmaceuticals, which escalated even more during the COVID-19 pandemic, the inadequate management of pharmaceutical residues, and unused/expired medicine endanger both the health of humans, particular children, and the environment. How can we tackle this issue by means of policy? Solutions exist, but more countries need to adapt them.
Chemical Safety and Regulation: Chemical regulation is a very effective way to reduce the use of harmful chemicals and related negative health effects. Controlling chemicals must take place both in the early stages and at every stage of the life cycle of chemicals before and after entering the market. Effective tools to increase chemical safety already exist!
Public Procurement: Public procurement is a strategic tool for achieving key policy objectives. Can we harness its enormous purchasing power more effectively in the future, also in order to tackle chemical pollution? Future-oriented policies prove that we can promote sustainable practices and reduce people’s exposure to hazardous chemicals.
Policy recommendations: In the last part of this report, you can find seven key policy recommendations that policy makers and key stakeholders can use to advance the protection of children and unborn from the harm caused by hazardous chemicals. We encourage all readers – let’s implement them and step up action!